There are many types of cells in your body which are basically the same, but they are specialized in performing different tasks related to areas of your body. For example, stomach cells are healthy and regenerate quickly to prevent stomach acid from entering the rest of your body. Other types of cells grow in the uterus or in the endometrium.
When these cells migrate outside the uterus, they can cause health problems and infertility in a condition called endometriosis. You can also navigate online to know about the common endometriosis causes.
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Endometrial cells must be shed every month during menstruation. That way, the lining of the uterus remains fresh and ready to implant a fertilized egg when you try to get pregnant. However, when these cells leave the uterus, it causes endometriosis.
Endometriosis can occur when cells archive the fallopian tubes or enter the vulva. They can spread and be implanted in the fallopian tubes and vulva, as well as in the ovaries, outside the uterus and intestines, bladder, cervix, and elsewhere in the pelvic cavity.
While retrograde menstruation, or the filing of endometrial cells by the fallopian tubes, is one possible cause of endometriosis, doctors aren't sure why this condition occurs. Another theory is that there are primitive cells in the pelvic and abdominal cavities that can develop into other, more specialized types of cells.
If they mutate into endometrial cells, you can develop endometriosis. In some cases, doctors believe that surgery can accidentally transfer endometrial cells to other parts of the body.